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This session will focus on equity: equitable access to services and medicines, and equitable access to vaccines. To attain equity, we need systems for delivery and we need political will. This session investigates the role of international cooperation mechanisms and how these can help muster the political will we need to overcome entrenched systems that benefit a few to the detriment of the majority. During the COVID-19 pandemic, systems to distribute vaccines equitably were put in place quickly. But these systems failed to deliver due to nationalistic policies. What could countries do differently in the future? How much hope can we put in new production capacity for vaccines and other medicines in resource-limited settings??How can we ensure voluntary licencing and affordable pricing of new drugs? Universal health coverage (UHC) aims to ensure equity in access to health services for everyone. Service integration is another key concept designed to improve ease of access to the breadth of services a person requires throughout their lifetime. Countries must put these systems in place within their specific national contexts. The panel discussion will raise questions around how communities see UHC and integration: a road towards better access or a threat to the successes achieved through disease-specific approaches? Panellists will address the ways in which the international system may better support in-country advocacy for equity.

13:00
2 min
Introduction
Jennifer KATES, KFF, United States
13:02
5 min
Keynote address
Tedros ADHANOM GHEBREYESUS, WHO, Switzerland
13:07
7 min
Keynote remarks from the French Minister of Health and Prevention
François BRAUN, Ministry of Health and Prevention, France
13:14
36 min
Panel discussion
Gregg GONSALVES, Yale School of Public Health, United States
Charles GORE, Medicines Patent Pool, Switzerland
Fatima HASSAN, Health Justice Initiative (HJI), South Africa
Cecilia CHUNG, Transgender Law Center, United States
John NKENGASONG, U.S. Department of State, United States
13:50
2 min
Closing remarks
Jennifer KATES, KFF, United States
13:52
8 min
CIPHER and IPHASA presentations
Linda-Gail BEKKER, South Africa
Yagai BOUBA, National AIDS Control Committee (CNLS), Cameroon, Cameroon
Jerome GALEA, University of South Florida, United States
Awa KANE, Hôpital d'enfants Albert Royer, Senegal
Daniel KESSENG, Centre mere et enfant de la Fondation Chantal Biya, Cameroon
Anne NJOROGE, Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya
Phiwe NOTA, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
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